Luddite: 1. hist. a member of any of the bands of English artisans who rioted against mechanization in the early 19th century. 2. a person opposed to industrialization, automation, computerization or new technologies in general.
Origin: After Ned Ludd, a British youth who had allegedly smashed two weaving frames in 1779 after being whipped by his employer.
He was said to have been dim-witted.